Agro Training Services

They are responsible for the regional location of the crops and their varieties, as well as for the establishment and development of the standards of organic and inorganic fertilization, the application of soil amendments to correct acidic and basic soils, and other technologies.

Climatic factors

Is the crop/cropping system suitable for local weather parameters such as temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours, relative humidity, wind velocity, wind direction, seasons, and agro-ecological situations?

Soil conditions

Is the crop/cropping system suitable for local soil type, pH, and soil fertility?


• Do you have an adequate water source like a tank, wells, dams, etc.?

• Do you receive adequate rainfall?

• Is the distribution of rainfall suitable to grow identified crops?

• Is the water quality suitable?

• Is electricity available for lifting the water?

• Do you have pump sets, micro-irrigation systems?

Cropping system options

• Do you have the opportunity to go for intercropping, mixed cropping, multi-storeyed cropping, relay cropping, crop rotation, etc.?

• Do you have knowledge of cropping systems management?

Past and present experiences of farmers

• What were your previous experiences with regard to the crop/cropping systems that you are planning to choose?

• What is the opinion of your friends, relatives, and neighbors on proposed crop/cropping systems?

Expected profit and risk

• How much profit are you expecting from the proposed crop/cropping system?

• Whether this profit is better than the existing crop/cropping system?

• What are the risks you are anticipating in the proposed crop/cropping system?

• Do you have the solution? Can you manage the risks?

• Is it worth taking the risks for anticipated profits?

Economic conditions of farmers including landholding

• Are the proposed crop/cropping systems suitable for your size of landholding?

• Are your financial resources adequate to manage the proposed crop/cropping system?

• If not, can you mobilize financial resources through alternative routes?

Labor availability and mechanization potential

• Can you manage the proposed crop/cropping system through your family labor?

• If not, do you have adequate labor to manage the same?

• Is family/hired labor equipped to handle the proposed crop/cropping system?

• Are there any mechanization options to substitute the labor?

• Is machinery available? Affordable? Cost-effective?

• Is family/hired labor equipped to handle the machinery?

Technology availability and suitability

• Is the proposed crop/cropping system suitable?

• Do you have technologies for the proposed crop/cropping system?

• Do you have extension access to get the technologies?

• Are technologies economically feasible and technically viable?

• Are technologies complex or user-friendly?

Market demand and availability of market infrastructure

• Are the crops proposed in market demand?

• Do you have the market infrastructure to sell your produce?

• Do you have an organized marketing system to reduce the intermediaries?

• Do you have answers to questions such as where to sell? When to sell? Whom to sell to? What form to sell in? What price to sell for?

• Do you get real-time market information and

market intelligence on proposed crops?

Policies and schemes

• Do Government policies favor your crops?

• Is there any existing scheme that incentivizes your crop?

• Are you eligible to avail of those benefits?

Availability of required agricultural inputs including agricultural credit

• Do you get adequate agricultural inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, and implements in time?

• Do you have access to institutional credit?

Post-harvest storage and processing technologies

• Do you have your own storage facility?

• If not, do you have access to such a facility?

• Do you have access to the primary processing facility?

• Do you know technologies for the value addition of your crop?

• Do you have market linkage for value-added products?