We see a huge variety of plants all around us. Among which few are terrestrial and aquatic plants. Despite this fact, they all have the same parts and the same functions; they appear unique with different types of roots, stem, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds etc. Therefore, the classification of plants is mainly based on several factors, and it can be further classified based on their height, tenderness of stem, branches and their life cycle.


The herb is a short-sized plant with soft, green, delicate stem without the woody tissues. They complete their life cycle within one or two seasons. Generally, they have few branches or are branchless. These can be easily uprooted from the soil. Herbs contain enough nutritional benefits, including vitamin & minarels, to make it a part of a healthy balanced diet. Tomato, wheat, paddy, grass and bananas are a few examples of herbs.


Shrubs are medium-sized, woody plants taller than herbs and shorter than a tree. Their height usually ranges between 6m to 10m tall. Their features include bushy, hard, and woody stems with many branches. Although stems are hard, they are flexible but not fragile. The life-span of these plants usually depends on the species. Rose, jasmine lemon, tulsi, and henna are some of the common shrubs around us.


Trees are big and tall plants. They have very thick, woody and hard stems called the trunk. This single main stem or the trunk gives rise to many branches that bear leaves, flowers and fruits. Some trees are branchless like coconut trees; i.e., they have only one main stem which bears leaves, flowers, and fruits all by itself. The lifespan of the trees is very large. i.e., for several years. Banyan, mango, neem, cashew, teak, oak are some examples of trees.

In addition to these three categories of plants, there are two more types that need some support to grow. They are specifically called climbers and creepers.


Climbers are much more advanced than creepers. Climbers have a very thin, long, and weak stem that cannot stand upright, but they can use external support to grow vertically and carry their weight. These types of plants use special structures called tendrils to climb. Few climbers plants names include pea plant, grapevine, sweet gourd, money plant, jasmine, runner beans, green peas, etc.


Creepers, as the name suggests, are plants that creep on the ground. They have very fragile, long, thin stems that can neither stand erect nor support all their weight. Examples include watermelon, strawberry, pumpkin, and sweet potatoes.

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